Model Core Curriculum for Iowa’s High Schools
Model Core Curriculum
Standards Gap Analysis Review Sheet
The Model Core Curriculum for Iowa’s High Schools, Core Content Standards and Benchmarks Corresponding to the Iowa Tests,
and Local Standards and
Benchmarks
Download
the MCC as a Word document
This document is intended as a tool for local educators to use in reviewing local content standards and benchmarks to determine if they provide adequate coverage of the essential concepts and skill sets of the Model Core Curriculum for Iowa’s High Schools. School districts are encouraged to use the Model Core Curriculum as a guide when determining the courses acceptable in meeting the new graduation requirements: four years of English/language arts, three years of mathematics, three years of science, and three years of social studies. All high schools are encouraged to insure that every student’s academic program includes the development of these essential concepts and skill sets.
The first column contains the essential concepts and skill sets of the Model Core Curriculum for Iowa’s High Schools. They were developed through a process that allowed for a comprehensive review of the literature and best practice information in each of these content areas. They were also identified collaboratively by a number of Iowans including students, parents, teachers, administrators, school board members, AEA and DE personnel, business representatives, and representatives of higher education.
The second column identifies the Core Content Standards and Benchmarks Corresponding to the Iowa Tests. These were developed by Iowa Testing Services as part of the Iowa Technical Adequacy Project (ITAP) to help districts ensure that local curricula align with the Iowa Tests. All of the ITED Grade 1012 Benchmarks in Reading, Mathematics, and Science fall within the parameters of the essential concepts and skill sets of the Model Core Curriculum. Reading benchmarks are indicated with an (R),
Mathematics benchmarks are marked as (M), and Science benchmarks are marked as (S).
The third column is to be completed with educators are they review local content standards and benchmarks.
Literacy
Model Core Curriculum Essential Concepts or Skill Sets 
Core Content Standards and Benchmarks Corresponding to the ITED Grades 1012 Benchmarks in Reading, Mathematics, and Science 
Boyer Valley Local Standards, Benchmarks and Indicators NUMBER CODES ALIGN WITH DISTRICT DOCUMENT 
Reading 

Independently reads a significant number of books and text each year. This reading includes both fiction and nonfiction in a variety of genres. 

Independent and assisted reading (K12) Reading/being read to Discussing books Reading Standard 3.1 Reading Standard 3.2 
Reads for a variety of purposes and across content areas 
(R) Students can understand stated information they have read. (R) Students can determine the literal meaning of specific words. (R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can infer traits, feelings, and motives of characters or individuals. (R) Students can make predictions based on stated information. (R) Students can interpret nonliteral language used in a text. (R) Students can determine the main idea, topic, or theme and make generalizations. (R) Students can identify the author’s views or purposes. (R) Student can distinguish among facts, opinions, or assumptions. (R) Students can recognize aspects of a passage’s style and structure and can recognize literary techniques. (M) Students can make inferences based on data presented in a variety of ways. (M) Students can interpret data from a variety of sources. (R) (S) Students can analyze and interpret scientific information. (S) Students can make inferences and predictions from data. (S) Students can analyze and evaluate the adequacy and accuracy of information. 
Demonstrates reading habits of proficient readers o Reading or being read to o Discussing books (literary and informative) o Vocabulary o Independent and assisted reading 
Uses a variety of skills and strategies to comprehend complex nonfiction and informational text 
(R) Students can understand stated information they have read. (R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can infer traits, feelings, and motives of characters or individuals. (R) Students can make predictions based on stated information. (R) Students can determine the main idea, topic, or theme and make generalizations. (R) Students can identify the author’s views or purposes. (R) Students can distinguish among facts, opinions, and assumptions. (R) Students can recognize aspects of a passage’s style and structure and can recognize literary techniques. (R) Students can interpret nonliteral language used in a text. (M) Students can make inferences based on data presented in a variety of ways. (M) Students can interpret data from a variety of sources. (S) Students can analyze and interpret scientific information. (S) Students can make inferences and predictions from data. (S) Students can analyze and evaluate the adequacy and accuracy of information. 
Uses reading skills and strategies to understand and interpret a variety of literary and informative texts (getting the meaning) o Accuracy and Fluency o Comprehension (Reading Standard 2) K12 o Self Monitoring and SelfCorrecting Strategies o Vocabulary o Uses test organizers o Word Analysis 
Uses a variety of strategies and skills to comprehend and interpret complex literature 
(R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can infer traits, feelings, and motives of characters or individuals. (R) Students can make predictions based on stated information. (R) Students can determine the main idea, topic, or theme and make generalizations. (R) Students can identify the author’s views or purposes. (R) Students can distinguish among facts, opinions, and assumptions. (R) Students can recognize aspects of a passage’s style and structure and can recognize literary techniques. (R) Students can interpret nonliteral language used in a text. (M) Students can make inferences based on data presented in a variety of ways. (M) Students can interpret data from a variety of sources. (S) Students can analyze and interpret scientific information. (S) Students can make inferences and predictions from data. (S) Students can analyze and evaluate the adequacy and accuracy of information. 
Reading Standard 2.4, 3.1, 3.2, 3.3 o Reds several books per day o Discusses books with peers o Rereads for deeper understanding o Compares books by same author o Talks about several books on same theme o Refers to text when presenting a claim o Reads with rhythm, flow and meter (grades 412) o Varies reading rate to match difficulty (grades 412) o Punctuation (grades 23) o Fluency (grades 112) 
Reads with fluency silently and aloud to support comprehension 
Reads aloud from books (grades 112) Uses punctuation (grades 212) 
Reading Standard 2.2 (grades 112) Reading Standard 3.1 (grades 1012) 
Uses a variety of strategies to understand unfamiliar vocabulary found in narrative text, technical reading, and literary text 
(R) Students can determine the literal meaning of specific words.

Uses the general skills and strategies of the reading process (printsound code) o Concepts of Print: Understands that print conveys meaning o Knowledge of Phonemic Awareness o Phonics: Relationship between letters and sounds o Reading Words o Word Analysis 
Writing 

Uses an effective writing process 
o 
Writes clearly and effectively o Applies writing conventions o Develops concept and design o Uses style appropriate to the audience and purpose

Uses knowledge of purpose, audience, format, and medium in developing written communication 

Writes in a variety of forms for different audiences and purposes o Writes for different audiences o Writes for different purposes o Writes in a variety of forms 
Applies writing skills and strategies to effectively communicate in a variety of genres with various audiences 

Understands and uses the steps of the writing process o Prewrite o Draft o Revise o Edit o Publish 
Uses writing as a tool for learning 
(M) Students can make inferences based on data presented in a variety of ways. (M) Students can interpret data from a variety of sources. (S) Students can analyze and interpret scientific information. (S) Students can make inferences and predictions from data. (S) Students can analyze and evaluate the adequacy and accuracy of information. 
Develops sound writing habits and attitudes o Personal Writing o Analyzes and evaluates the effectiveness of written work o Uses writing to learn strategies o Uses writing to learn strategies 
Engages in the information literacy process: accesses, evaluates, and communicates information and ideas 
(M) Students can make inferences based on data presented in a variety of ways. (M) Students can interpret data from a variety of sources. (S) Students can analyze and interpret scientific information. (S) Students can make inferences and predictions from data. (S) Students can analyze and evaluate the adequacy and accuracy of information. 
Reading Standard 2.4 and 3.2 (grade 10) Reading Standard 4.1 and 4.2 o Chooses ideas o Organizes thoughts o Uses new words o Writes simple sentence Reading Standard 5.1, 5.2, 5.3 (K12) o Writes for different audiences o Writes for different purposes o Writes in a variety of forms 
Is able to write on demand 

Reading Standards 4 and 5 Prewrite, Draft, revise, Edit, Publish (K12) Reading Standard 6.1, 6.2 and 6.4 Reading Standard 7.2 and 7.3 (6^{th} grade) 
Adheres to conventions generally established in spelling, punctuation, grammar, usage, syntax, and style 

Reading Standard 4.3 Reading Standard 6.3, 6.4 (grades K12) 
Incorporates technology as a tool to enhance writing 

Reading Standard 6.4 (grades 412) Reading Standard 6.5 (grades 212) 
Speaking 

Considers audience and variables in the speaking situation 

Reading Standard 2.4 Reading Standard 3.2 (grades 310) Reading Standard 3.3 Reading Standard 5.1 and 5.3(grades 911) 
Produces a coherent message 

Reading Standard 2.4 Reading Standard 3.2, 5.3 (grades 912) 
Participates in a variety of communication situations 

Reading Standards 26, 5.3 
Uses appropriate content and conventions for purpose, audience, occasion, and context 

Reading Standard 5.1, 5.2 Reading Standard 2.4 
Demonstrates control of delivery skills 

Reading Standard 2.2 (grades 112) 
Participates appropriately in oneonone situations and group settings 

Reading Standard 3.1 
Recognizes the role of evaluation in oral communication 

Reading Standard 3.2, 6.5 
Recognizes the role of response in oral communication 

Reading Standard 3.2 
Listening 

Listens for information and understanding 

Reading Standard 2.2, 2.4, 3.2 Reading Standard 3.2, 3.4 
Listens for interpretation, analysis, and evaluation 

Reading Standard 2.2, 3.2 
Listens to establish, maintain and enhance relationships 

Reading Standard 2.4, 3.1 
Viewing 

Analyzes the effects of visual media on society and culture 


Uses a range of strategies to interpret visual media 
(M) Students can make inferences based on data presented in a variety of ways. (M) Students can interpret data from a variety of sources. (S) Students can analyze and interpret scientific information. (S) Students can make inferences and predictions from data. 

Applies a variety of criteria to evaluate informational media 
(S) Students can analyze and evaluate the adequacy and accuracy of information. 
Reading Standard 2.2 
Understands how literary forms can be represented in visual narratives 

Reading Standard 6.2 
Mathematics
Model Core Curriculum Essential Concepts or Skill Sets 
Core Content Standards and Benchmarks Corresponding to the ITED Grades 1012 Benchmarks in Reading, Mathematics, and Science 
Boyer Valley Standards, Benchmarks and Indicators NUMBER CODES ALIGN WITH DISTRICT DOCUMENT 
Algebra/Math Standard 4 

Understands and applies functions 
(M) Students can understand and apply concepts and procedures of algebra. (M) Students can solve math problems requiring multiple steps and operations. (M) Students can reason quantitatively. (M) Students can interpret data from a variety of sources. (R) Students can understand stated information they have read. (R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can make predictions based on stated information. (R) Students can determine the main idea and make generalizations. (S) Students can analyze and interpret scientific information. 
Math Standard 4 o Understands patterns, relations and functions o Demonstrates commutative property of addition o Recognizes the addition and subtraction relationship of fact families 
Understands and applies equations and inequalities 
(M) Students can understand and apply concepts and procedures of algebra. (M) Students can solve math problems requiring multiple steps and operations. (M) Students can reason quantitatively. (M) Students can interpret data from a variety of sources. (R) Students can understand stated information they have read. (R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can make predictions based on stated information. (R) Students can determine the main idea and make generalizations. (S) Students can analyze and interpret scientific information. 
Math Standard 4 o Represents and analyzes mathematical situations and structures using algebraic symbols o Solves number sentences involving addition o Supplies a different number in a number sentence 
Understands and applies algebraic expressions 
(M) Students can understand and apply concepts and procedures of algebra. (M) Students can solve math problems requiring multiple steps and operations. (M) Students can reason quantitatively. (M) Students can interpret data from a variety of sources. (R) Students can understand stated information they have read. (R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can make predictions based on stated information. (R) Students can determine the main idea and make generalizations. (S) Students can analyze and interpret scientific information. 
Math Standard 4 o Uses mathematical models to represent and understands quantitative relationships 
Understands and interprets rate of change 
(M) Students can understand and apply concepts and procedures of algebra. (M) Students can solve math problems requiring multiple steps and operations. (M) Students can reason quantitatively. (M) Students can interpret data from a variety of sources. (R) Students can understand stated information they have read. (R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can make predictions based on stated information. (R) Students can determine the main idea and make generalizations. (S) Students can analyze and interpret scientific information. 
Math Standard 1 Math Standard 4 o Analyzes change in various contexts 
Understands and applies recursion and iteration 
(M) Students can understand and apply concepts and procedures of algebra. (M) Students can solve math problems requiring multiple steps and operations. (M) Students can reason quantitatively. (M) Students can interpret data from a variety of sources. (R) Students can understand stated information they have read. (R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can make predictions based on stated information. (R) Students can determine the main idea and make generalizations. (S) Students can analyze and interpret scientific information. 
Math Standard 4 o Uses symbolic expressions including iterative and recursive forms 
Geometry/Math Standard 5 

Understands and applies coordinates 
(M) Students can understand and apply concepts of geometry and measurement. (M) Students can solve math problems requiring multiple steps and operations. (M) Students can reason quantitatively. (M) Students can interpret data from a variety of sources. (R) Students can understand stated information they have read. (R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can make predictions based on stated information. (R) Students can determine the main idea and make generalizations. (S) Students can analyze and interpret scientific information. 
Math Standard 5 o Analyzes characteristics and properties of two and three dimensional geometric shapes and develops mathematical arguments about geometric relationships o Extends knowledge of 2D shapes to 3D shapes o Recognizes shapes in our environment 
Understands and applies transformations 
(M) Students can understand and apply concepts of geometry and measurement. (M) Students can solve math problems requiring multiple steps and operations. (M) Students can reason quantitatively. (M) Students can interpret data from a variety of sources. (R) Students can understand stated information they have read. (R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can make predictions based on stated information. (R) Students can determine the main idea and make generalizations. (S) Students can analyze and interpret scientific information. 
Math Standard 5 o Applies transformations and uses symmetry to analyze mathematical situations 
Understands and applies geometric properties and relationships 
(M) Students can understand and apply concepts of geometry and measurement. (M) Students can solve math problems requiring multiple steps and operations. (M) Students can reason quantitatively. (M) Students can interpret data from a variety of sources. (R) Students can understand stated information they have read. (R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can make predictions based on stated information. (R) Students can determine the main idea and make generalizations. (S) Students can analyze and interpret scientific information. 
Math Standard 5 o Specifies locations and describes spatial relationships using coordinate geometry and other representational systems 
Understands and applies trigonometric relationships 
(M) Students can understand and apply concepts of geometry and measurement. (M) Students can solve math problems requiring multiple steps and operations. (M) Students can reason quantitatively. (M) Students can interpret data from a variety of sources. (R) Students can understand stated information they have read. (R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can make predictions based on stated information. (R) Students can determine the main idea and make generalizations. (S) Students can analyze and interpret scientific information. 
Math Standard 5 o Applies transformations and uses symmetry to analyze mathematical situations 
Understands and applies vertexedge graphs 
(M) Students can understand and apply concepts of geometry and measurement. (M) Students can solve math problems requiring multiple steps and operations. (M) Students can reason quantitatively. (M) Students can interpret data from a variety of sources. (R) Students can understand stated information they have read. (R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can make predictions based on stated information. (R) Students can determine the main idea and make generalizations. (S) Students can analyze and interpret scientific information. 
Math Standard 5 o Uses visualization, spatial reasoning and geometric modeling to solve problems

Statistics and Probability/Math Standard 2 

Understands and applies descriptive statistics 
(M) Students can understand and apply concepts in probability and statistics. (M) Students can solve math problems requiring multiple steps and operations. (M) Students can reason quantitatively. (M) Students can interpret data from a variety of sources. (R) Students can understand stated information they have read. (R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can make predictions based on stated information. (S) Students can analyze and interpret scientific information. (R) Students can determine the main idea and make generalizations. 
Math Standard 2 o Formulates questions that can be addressed with data and collects, organizes, and displays relevant data to answer them 
Understands and applies inferential statistics 
(M) Students can understand and apply concepts in probability and statistics. (M) Students can make inferences based on data presented in a variety of ways. (M) Students can solve math problems requiring multiple steps and operations. (M) Students can reason quantitatively. (M) Students can interpret data from a variety of sources. (R) Students can understand stated information they have read. (R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can make predictions based on stated information. (R) Students can determine the main idea and make generalizations. (S) Students can analyze and interpret scientific information. 
Math Standard 2 o Selects and uses statistical methods to analyze data 
Understands and applies probability 
(M) Students can understand and apply concepts in probability and statistics. (M) Students can solve math problems requiring multiple steps and operations. (M) Students can reason quantitatively. (M) Students can interpret data from a variety of sources. (R) Students can understand stated information they have read. (R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can make predictions based on stated information. (R) Students can determine the main idea and make generalizations. (S) Students can analyze and interpret scientific information. 
Math Standard 2 o Develop and evaluates inferences and predictions that are based on data o Understands and applies basic concepts of probability 
Quantitative Literacy/Math Standard 1: Numbers and Operations 

Understands and applies number operations and properties 
(M) Students can understand and apply number properties and operations. (M) Students can understand and apply concepts and procedures of standard rounding, order of magnitude, and number sense. (M) Students can solve math problems requiring multiple steps and operations. (M) Students can reason quantitatively. (M) Students can interpret data from a variety of sources. (R) Students can understand stated information they have read. (R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can make predictions based on stated information. (R) Students can determine the main idea and make generalizations. (S) Students can analyze and interpret scientific information. 
Math Standard 1: Numbers and Operations o Applies and adapts a variety of appropriate strategies to solve problems o Understands numbers, ways of representing numbers, relationships among numbers and number systems o Understands meanings of operations and how they relate to each other o Computes fluently and makes reasonable estimates

Understands and applies the basic mathematics of decision making in a democratic society 
(M) Students can understand and apply number properties and operations. (M) Students can understand and apply concepts and procedures of standard rounding, order of magnitude, and number sense. (M) Students can solve math problems requiring multiple steps and operations. (M) Students can reason quantitatively. (M) Students can interpret data from a variety of sources. ® Students can understand stated information they have read. ® Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. ® Students can make predictions based on stated information. ® Students can determine the main idea and make generalizations. 
Math Standard 1 o Solves real world problems using various strategies (grades 212) o Consumer Math, PS Math, Life Skills 
Understands and applies the basic mathematics of information processing and the Internet 
(M) Students can understand and apply number properties and operations. (M) Students can solve math problems requiring multiple steps and operations. (M) Students can reason quantitatively. (M) Students can interpret data from a variety of sources. (R) Students can understand stated information they have read. (R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can make predictions based on stated information. (R) Students can determine the main idea and make generalizations. 
Math Standard 1 
Understands and applies the mathematics of systematic counting 
(M) Students can understand and apply number properties and operations. (M) Students can solve math problems requiring multiple steps and operations. (M) Students can reason quantitatively. (M) Students can interpret data from a variety of sources. (R) Students can understand stated information they have read. (R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can make predictions based on stated information. (R) Students can determine the main idea and make generalizations. (S) Students can analyze and interpret scientific information. 
Math Standard 1

Problem Solving 

Builds new mathematical knowledge through problem solving Data Analysis and Probability Algebra 
(M) Students can solve math problems requiring multiple steps and operations. (M) Students can reason quantitatively. (M) Students can interpret data from a variety of sources. (R) Students can understand stated information they have read. (R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can make predictions based on stated information. (R) Students can determine the main idea and make generalizations. 
Math Standard 1.2 o Solves real world problems using various strategies Math Standard 2.1 
Applies and adapts a variety of appropriate strategies to solve problems in mathematics and other contexts Numbers and Operations 
(M) Students can solve math problems requiring multiple steps and operations. (M) Students can reason quantitatively. (M) Students can interpret data from a variety of sources. (R) Students can understand stated information they have read. (R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can make predictions based on stated information. (R) Students can determine the main idea and make generalizations. (S) Students can analyze and interpret scientific information. 
Math Standard 1.3 o Develops and analyzes algorithms for computing with fractions, decimals and integers o Develops and uses strategies to estimate the results of rational number computations and judge the reasonableness of the results Math Standard 2.2 
Monitors and reflects on the process of mathematical problem solving 
(M) Students can solve math problems requiring multiple steps and operations. (M) Students can reason quantitatively. (M) Students can interpret data from a variety of sources. (R) Students can understand stated information they have read. (R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can make predictions based on stated information. (R) Students can determine the main idea and make generalizations. 
Math Standard 1.3 o Judges the reasonableness Math Standard 2.3 
Communication/Data Analysis and Probability 

Organizes and consolidates his/her mathematical thinking through communication 
(M) Students can reason quantitatively. (R) Students can determine the main idea and make generalizations. 
Math Standard 1.1 o Describes PreAlgebra 
Communicates his/her mathematical thinking coherently and clearly to peers, teachers, and others 
(M) Students can reason quantitatively. (R) Students can determine the main idea and make generalizations. 
Math Standard 3.1, 3.2 o Modeling o Measurement o Verbally tells time o Tells value of money

Analyzes and evaluates the mathematical thinking and strategies of others 
(R) Students can understand stated information they have read. (R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can determine the main idea and make generalizations. 

Uses the language of mathematics to express mathematical ideas precisely 
(M) Students can reason quantitatively. (R) Students can determine the main idea and make generalizations. 

Reasoning and Proof/Geometry 

Recognizes reasoning and proof as fundamental aspects of mathematics 
(M) Students can reason quantitatively. (R) Students can distinguish among facts, opinions, and assumptions. 
Math Standard 5.4 o Proves o Theorems 
Makes and investigates mathematical conjectures 
(M) Students can reason quantitatively. (R) Students can distinguish among facts, opinions, and assumptions. (M) Students can interpret data from a variety of sources. (R) Students can understand stated information they have read. (R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can make predictions based on stated information. (R) Students can determine the main idea and make generalizations. 

Develops and evaluates mathematical arguments and proofs 
(M) Students can reason quantitatively. (R) Students can distinguish among facts, opinions, and assumptions. (M) Students can interpret data from a variety of sources. (R) Students can understand stated information they have read. (R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can make predictions based on stated information. (R) Students can determine the main idea and make generalizations. 

Selects and uses various types of reasoning and methods of proof 
(M) Students can reason quantitatively. (R) Students can distinguish among facts, opinions, and assumptions. (M) Students can interpret data from a variety of sources. (R) Students can understand stated information they have read. (R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can make predictions based on stated information. (R) Students can determine the main idea and make generalizations. 

Representation 

Creates and uses representations to organize, record, and communicate mathematical ideas 
(M) Students can reason quantitatively. (M) Students can interpret data from a variety of sources. 

Selects, applies, and translates among mathematical representations to solve problems 
(M) Students can solve math problems requiring multiple steps and operations. 

Uses representations to model and interpret physical, social, and mathematical phenomena 
(M) Students can interpret data from a variety of sources. (M) Students can solve math problems requiring multiple steps and operations. (S) Students can analyze and interpret scientific information. 

Connections 

Recognizes and uses connections among mathematical ideas and how they build on one another to produce a coherent whole 
(M) Students can solve math problems requiring multiple steps and operations. (M) Students can interpret data from a variety of sources. (M) Students can reason quantitatively. 

Recognizes and applies mathematics in contexts outside of mathematics 
(M) Students can solve math problems requiring multiple steps and operations. (M) Students can interpret data from a variety of sources. (S) Students can analyze and interpret scientific information. 

Boyer Valley
Numbers and Operations (Quantative Literacy)
 Understands numbers, ways of representing numbers, relationships among numbers and number systems
 Understands meanings of operations and how they relate to each other
o
Computes fluently
and makes reasonable estimates
Science
Model Core Curriculum Essential Concepts or Skill Sets 
Core Content Standards and Benchmarks Corresponding to the ITED Grades 1012 Benchmarks in Reading, Mathematics, and Science 
Boyer Valley Local Standards, Benchmarks and Indicators NUMBER CODES ALIGN WITH DISTRICT DOCUMENT 
Science as Inquiry/Standard 1 

Identifies questions and concepts that guide scientific investigations 
(S) Students can understand and apply the processes and skills of scientific inquiry. (R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can distinguish among facts, opinions, and assumptions. 
Science Standard 1: Inquiry 1.1, 1.2, 1.3 (K12) o Understands the nature of scientific knowledge o Understands the nature of scientific inquiry o Understands the scientific enterprise o Asks questions about observations
Science Courses identified: Biology, Accelerated Biology, Chemistry, Physics 
Designs and conducts scientific investigations 
(S) Students can understand and apply the processes and skills of scientific inquiry. (R) Students can make predictions based on stated information. (M) Students can reason quantitatively. Students can make inferences based on data presented in a variety of ways. (M) Students can interpret data from a number of sources. 
Science Standard 1 1.1, 1.2, 1.3 (K12) o Uses the senses to make observations 
Uses technology and mathematics to improve investigations and communications 
(S) Students can analyze and interpret scientific information. (S) Students can analyze scientific investigations. (R) Students can understand stated information they have read. (R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can make predictions based on stated information. (R) Students can determine the main idea, topic, or theme and make generalizations. (R) Students can distinguish among facts, opinions, and assumptions. (M) Students can understand and apply concepts of geometry and measurement. (M) Students can understand and apply concepts in probability and statistics. (M) Students can understand and apply concepts and procedures of standard rounding, order of magnitude, and number sense. (M) Students can reason quantitatively. (M) Students can make inferences based on data presented in a variety of ways. (M) Students can interpret data from a number of sources. 
Science Standard 1 1.1, 1.2, 1.3 (K12) o Uses simple tools to gather information 
Formulates and revises scientific explanations and models using logic and evidence 
(S) Students can analyze and interpret scientific information. (S) Students can analyze scientific investigations. (R) Students can understand stated information they have read. (R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can distinguish among facts, opinions, and assumptions. (M) Students can reason quantitatively. (M) Students can make inferences based on data presented in a variety of ways. (M) Students can interpret data from a number of sources. 
Science Standard 1 1.1, 1.2, 1.3 (K12) 
Recognizes and analyzes alternative explanations and models 
(S) Students can analyze and interpret scientific information. (S) Students can analyze scientific investigations. (S) Students can analyze and evaluate the adequacy and accuracy of scientific information. (R) Students can understand stated information they have read. (R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can distinguish among facts, opinions, and assumptions. (M) Students can understand and apply concepts of geometry and measurement. (M) Students can understand and apply concepts in probability and statistics. (M) Students can understand and apply concepts and procedures of standard rounding, order of magnitude, and number sense. (M) Students can reason quantitatively. (M) Students can make inferences based on data presented in a variety of ways. (M) Students can interpret data from a number of sources. 
Science Standard 1 1.2 (412) 
Communicates and defends a scientific argument 
(S) Students can analyze and interpret scientific information. (S) Students can analyze scientific investigations. (S) Students can analyze and evaluate the adequacy and accuracy of scientific information. (R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can distinguish among facts, opinions, and assumptions. (M) Students can reason quantitatively. (M) Students can make inferences based on data presented in a variety of ways. (M) Students can interpret data from a number of sources. 
Science Standard 1 1.2 (10 and Anatomy) 
Earth and Space/Standard 4 

Understands and applies knowledge of energy in the earth system 
(S) Students can make inferences and predictions from data. (S) Students can analyze and evaluate the adequacy and accuracy of scientific information. (R) Students can understand stated information they have read. (R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can make predictions based on stated information. (R) Students can determine the main idea, topic, or theme and make generalizations. (R) Students can distinguish among facts, opinions, and assumptions. (M) Students can understand and apply concepts of geometry and measurement. (M) Students can understand and apply concepts and procedures of standard rounding, order of magnitude, and number sense. (M) Students can reason quantitatively. 
Science Standard 4: Earth and Space 2.2, 2.3 (K12) 4.1, 4.2, 4.3 o Understands earth’s composition and structure o Understands the composition and structure of the universe and the earth’s place in it o Understands atmospheric processes and the water cycle
**Earth Science indicators are very specific to content. These indicators are inquiry based. 
Understands and applies knowledge of Geochemical cycles 
(S) Students can make inferences and predictions from data. (S) Students can analyze scientific investigations. (S) Students can analyze and evaluate the adequacy and accuracy of scientific information. (R) Students can understand stated information they have read. (R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can make predictions based on stated information. (R) Students can determine the main idea, topic, or theme and make generalizations. (R) Students can distinguish among facts, opinions, and assumptions. (M) Students can reason quantitatively. (M) Students can make inferences based on data presented in a variety of ways. (M) Students can interpret data from a number of sources. 
Science Standard 4 3.2, 4.1 (K12), Environmental, 4.3(K12) 
Understands and applies knowledge of the origin and evolution of the earth system 
(S) Students can make inferences and predictions from data. (S) Students can analyze scientific investigations. (S) Students can analyze and evaluate the adequacy and accuracy of scientific information. (R) Students can understand stated information they have read. (R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can make predictions based on stated information. (R) Students can determine the main idea, topic, or theme and make generalizations. (R) Students can distinguish among facts, opinions, and assumptions. (M) Students can understand and apply concepts and procedures of standard rounding, order of magnitude, and number sense. (M) Students can reason quantitatively. 
Science Standard 4 3.4, 4.1, 4.2, 4.3 (K12) 
Life Science/Standard 3 

Understands and applies knowledge of the cell 
(S) Students can make inferences and predictions from data. (R) Students can understand stated information they have read. (R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can make predictions based on stated information. (R) Students can determine the main idea, topic, or theme and make generalizations. (M) Students can understand and apply concepts of geometry and measurement. (M) Students can understand and apply concepts and procedures of standard rounding, order of magnitude, and number sense. 
Science Standard 3: Life Science 3.2 (K12) o Understands the principles of heredity and related concepts o Understands the structure and functions of cells and organisms o Understands relationships among organisms and their physical environments o Understands biological evolution and diversity of life o Knows that living and nonliving objects are different

Understands and applies knowledge of the molecular basis of heredity 
(S) Students can make inferences and predictions from data. (S) Students can analyze scientific investigations. (S) Students can analyze and evaluate the adequacy and accuracy of scientific information. (R) Students can understand stated information they have read. (R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can make predictions based on stated information. (R) Students can determine the main idea, topic, or theme and make generalizations. (R) Students can distinguish among facts, opinions, and assumptions. (M) Students can understand and apply concepts in probability and statistics. (M) Students can reason quantitatively. (M) Students can make inferences based on data presented in a variety of ways. (M) Students can interpret data from a number of sources. 
Science Standard 3 3.1 (612), 3.3 (712) o Knows that many characteristics of plants are inherited from its parents 
Understands and applies knowledge of biological evolution 
(S) Students can understand and apply the processes and skills of scientific inquiry. (S) Students can make inferences and predictions from data. (S) Students can analyze scientific investigations. (S) Students can analyze and evaluate the adequacy and accuracy of scientific information. (R) Students can understand stated information they have read. (R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can make predictions based on stated information. (R) Students can determine the main idea, topic, or theme and make generalizations. (R) Students can distinguish among facts, opinions, and assumptions. (M) Students can understand and apply concepts in probability and statistics. 
Science Standard 3 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4 (K12) o Knows different ways that animals can be grouped (5) 
Understands and applies knowledge of the interdependence of organisms 
(S) Students can understand and apply the processes and skills of scientific inquiry. (S) Students can make inferences and predictions from data. (S) Students can analyze scientific investigations. (S) Students can analyze and evaluate the adequacy and accuracy of scientific information. (R) Students can understand stated information they have read. (R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can make predictions based on stated information. (R) Students can determine the main idea, topic, or theme and make generalizations. (R) Students can distinguish among facts, opinions, and assumptions. (M) Students can understand and apply concepts in probability and statistics. 
Science Standard 3 3.1, 3.2 (K12), 3.3 (K12), 3.4 
Understands and applies knowledge of matter, energy, and organization in living systems 
(S) Students can make inferences and predictions from data. (S) Students can analyze scientific investigations. (S) Students can analyze and evaluate the adequacy and accuracy of scientific information.(R) Students can understand stated information they have read. (R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can make predictions based on stated information. (R) Students can determine the main idea, topic, or theme and make generalizations. (R) Students can distinguish among facts, opinions, and assumptions. (M) Students can understand and apply concepts in probability and statistics. (M) Students can understand and apply concepts and procedures of standard rounding, order of magnitude, and number sense. (M) Students can reason quantitatively. (M) Students can make inferences based on data presented in a variety of ways. 
Science Standard 3 2.1, 2.2, 3.1, 3.2, 3.3 
Understands and applies knowledge of the behavior of organisms 
(S) Students can understand and apply the processes and skills of scientific inquiry. (S) Students can make inferences and predictions from data. (S) Students can analyze scientific investigations. (S) Students can analyze and evaluate the adequacy and accuracy of scientific information. (R) Students can understand stated information they have read. (R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can make predictions based on stated information. (R) Students can determine the main idea, topic, or theme and make generalizations. (R) Students can distinguish among facts, opinions, and assumptions. (M) Students can understand and apply concepts of geometry and measurement. 
Science Standard 3 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4 
Physical Science/Standard 2 

Understands and applies knowledge of the structure of atoms 
(S) Students can make inferences and predictions from data. (S) Students can analyze scientific investigations. (S) Students can analyze and evaluate the adequacy and accuracy of scientific information.(R) Students can understand stated information they have read. (R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can make predictions based on stated information. (R) Students can determine the main idea, topic, or theme and make generalizations. (R) Students can distinguish among facts, opinions, and assumptions. (M) Students can understand and apply concepts of geometry and measurement. (M) Students can understand and apply concepts in probability and statistics. (M) Students can understand and apply concepts and procedures of standard rounding, order of magnitude, and number sense. (M) Students can reason quantitatively. (M) Students can make inferences based on data presented in a variety of ways. (M) Students can interpret data from a number of sources. 
Science Standard 2: Physical Science 2.1, 2.2, o Understands the structure and properties of matter o Understands the sources and properties of energy o Understands forces and motion

Understands and applies knowledge of the structure and properties of matter 
(S) Students can understand and apply the processes and skills of scientific inquiry. (S) Students can make inferences and predictions from data. (S) Students can analyze scientific investigations. (S) Students can analyze and evaluate the adequacy and accuracy of scientific information. (R) Students can understand stated information they have read. (R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can make predictions based on stated information. (R) Students can determine the main idea, topic, or theme and make generalizations. (R) Students can distinguish among facts, opinions, and assumptions. (M) Students can understand and apply concepts of geometry and measurement. (M) Students can understand and apply concepts and procedures of standard rounding, order of magnitude, and number sense. (M) Students can reason quantitatively. (M) Students can make inferences based on data presented in a variety of ways. (M) Students can interpret data from a number of sources. 
Science Standard 2 2.1, 2.2, 
Understands and applies knowledge of chemical reactions 
(S) Students can understand and apply the processes and skills of scientific inquiry. (S) Students can make inferences and predictions from data. (S) Students can analyze scientific investigations. (S) Students can analyze and evaluate the adequacy and accuracy of scientific information. (R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can make predictions based on stated information. (M) Students can understand and apply concepts of geometry and measurement. (M) Students can understand and apply concepts and procedures of standard rounding, order of magnitude, and number sense. (M) Students can reason quantitatively. (M) Students can make inferences based on data presented in a variety of ways.

Science Standard 2 2.1, 2.2 
Understands and applies knowledge of motions and forces 
(S) Students can understand and apply the processes and skills of scientific inquiry. (S) Students can make inferences and predictions from data. (S) Students can analyze scientific investigations. (S) Students can analyze and evaluate the adequacy and accuracy of scientific information. (R) Students can understand stated information they have read. (R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can make predictions based on stated information. (M) Students can understand and apply concepts of geometry and measurement. (M) Students can understand and apply concepts in probability and statistics. (M) Students can understand and apply concepts and procedures of standard rounding, order of magnitude, and number sense. (M) Students can reason quantitatively. (M) Students can make inferences based on data presented in a variety of ways. (M) Students can interpret data from a number of sources. 
Science Standard 2 2.3 
Understands and applies knowledge of conservation of energy and increase in disorder 
(S) Students can make inferences and predictions from data. (S) Students can analyze scientific investigations. (S) Students can analyze and evaluate the adequacy and accuracy of scientific information. (R) Students can understand stated information they have read. (R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can make predictions based on stated information. (M) Students can understand and apply concepts of geometry and measurement. (M) Students can understand and apply concepts in probability and statistics. (M) Students can understand and apply concepts and procedures of standard rounding, order of magnitude, and number sense. (M) Students can reason quantitatively. (M) Students can make inferences based on data presented in a variety of ways. (M) Students can interpret data from a number of sources. 
Science Standard 2 2.3 
Understands and applies knowledge of interactions of energy and matter 
(S) Students can make inferences and predictions from data. (S) Students can analyze scientific investigations. (S) Students can analyze and evaluate the adequacy and accuracy of scientific information. (R) Students can understand stated information they have read. (R) Students can draw conclusions, make inferences, and deduce meaning. (R) Students can make predictions based on stated information. (R) Students can determine the main idea, topic, or theme and make generalizations. (R) Students can distinguish among facts, opinions, and assumptions. (M) Students can understand and apply concepts of geometry and measurement. (M) Students can understand and apply concepts in probability and statistics. (M) Students can understand and apply concepts and procedures of standard rounding, order of magnitude, and number sense. (M) Students can reason quantitatively. (M) Students can make inferences based on data presented in a variety of ways. (M) Students can interpret data from a number of sources. 
